Tana Toraja ( land of Toraja ) a regency where Torajan live in is on highland region. The word Toraja comes from the Buginese language term to riaja, meaning "people of the uplands". At 300 to 2,880 metres above sea level, Tana Toraja combines tropical lushness with alpine freshness, with daily temperatures between 16 degrees Celsius to 28 degrees Celsius.Bright green rice terraces, tall limestone outcrops and bamboo graves are set against a backdrop of blue misty mountains. Toraja's arabica coffee carries a high reputation , so famous, and something that visitors may be interested in trying.
The Toraja are an ethnic group indigenous to a mountainous region of South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Torajans are renowned for their elaborate funeral rites. Dead body buried after the body was being kept — often for several years — while money is saved to pay for the actual funeral ceremony. This death festival known as Rambu Solok ( aluk to mate ). During the festival, which may last up to a week, ritual dances and buffalo fights are held, and buffaloes and pigs are slaughtered to ferry the soul of the deceased to the afterlife (puya). The deceased is then finally buried either in a small cave, often with a tau-tau effigy placed in front, inside a hollow tree or even left exposed to the elements in a bamboo frame hanging from a cliff. Toraja funeral rites are important social events, usually attended by hundreds of people and lasting for several days.
Tau tau are a type of effigy made of wood or bamboo. The word "tau" means "man", and "tau tau" means "men" or "statue". Tau tau are believed to have originated in the 19th century. They were once produced only for the wealthy, to reflect the status and wealth of the deceased. The tau tau are representatives of the deceased, ever-guarding the tombs and ever-protecting the living. Torajans believe that the dead can take their possessions with them to the after life, the effigies are usually equipped with small possessions. Tau tau can now be found in Jakarta, Europe and America, and were once even on display at the Smithsonian Institution in 1991
Londa is a name of Rock tombs situated in north Toraja , about 7 km south of Rantepao. According to legend, Londa is believed as the burial place of Tangdilinoq, the Toraja leader, under which the Toraja had to withdraw from Enrekang into the highlands. There are two burial types to see. The nobles are buried in chambers that are beaten in the limestone.
The higher the status of the deceased, the higher his chamber, which can be up to 50 meters high. The chambers of the nobles are accompanied by dew-dew ancestral figures. The coffins of ordinary people, on the other hand, are buried in caves and crevices at the foot of the cliff. The two main caves, where coffins and bones lie, are connected by a narrow passage. Londa is one of the ten traditional Toraja settlements set by the Indonesian Ministry of Culture on the "tentative list" for UNESCO nominations.
On burial sites carved into rocky cliffs, massive peaked-roof traditional houses known as tongkonan, and colourful wood carvings.